In the article Conservation/Entropy Domains of Free and Bound Energy, John A. Gowan says: Gravity conserves entropy; for example, in the cosmic gravitational collapse of the "Big Crunch", the total heat loss and entropy of the Universe is reversed; in such a case, the total entropy of the Universe sums to zero. Gravity replaces positive spatial entropy with a metrically equivalent positive temporal entropy; spatial expansion is reduced because it funds the temporal component of the total entropy equation (1).
In the universe the entropy of matter is continuously increasing and the entropy of life is continuously decreasing. The total entropy of the universe sums to zero. From this point of view the evolution of life can be seen as an universal negentropic process that is continuously developing towards a total entropy of the universe.
The relationship between evolution life as and the total entropy of the universe that sums to zero can be described using the following equation:
Y = f (X)
Y stands for the evolution of life
X stands for a total entropy of the universe that sums to zero
According to this understanding evolution of life is a continuation of the evolution of the universe. Several experiments supports this idea. They show that functions of living organism is directly related to the cosmic gravitational field. It seems that gravity play an essential role in the evolution of life on the Earth. As gravitational field is the same throughout the entire universe, one could predict that gravitational field play same role also on the planets that are similar to the our. Life could also have developed there.
Spaceflight induces a cephalad redistribution of fluid volume and blood flow within the human body and space motion sickness, which has a problem during first few days of spaceflight, could be related to these changes in fluid status and in blood flow of the cerebrum and vestibular system (2).
In weightlessness there is a decreased activity of spinal ganglia neurons of the hypothalamic nuclei producing arginine, vasopressin and growth hormone releasing factor. Structural changes of the somatosensory cortex and spinal ganglia suggest a decreased afferant flow to the somatosensory cortex in microgravity. The results characterise the mechanisms of structural adaptation to a decreased afferant flow in microgravity by the neurons in the hemisphere cortex and brain stem nuclei. So, under microgravity there is a neuron hypoactivity (3).
Microgravity has a direct influence on bone fracture healing because of poor production of bone callus in microgravity: there is an increase volume of osteoid and a decrease in the number and activity of osteoblasts (4).
Experiment carried out at the University of Lubiana, Slovenia in 1987-1988 with Californian worms (Latin name is: Lumbricus Teresticus) shows that the weight of living Californian Worms greater than of the same dead ones; gravitational force of the cosmic space is stronger on the living worms than on the same dead ones (5).
Research done by Penrose and Hameroff suggest that the force of quantum gravity acting on the mass of neurones within the brain may be responsible for the emergence of consciousness. The process is fundamentally related to the influence of quantum gravity on microtubule networks within the neurones (6,7) .
The idea that evolution of life on the Earth is a part of a wider universal process is supported by the discovery of basic organic molecules necessary for the development of life in the whole of observable space (8). This means that universal space is in the phase of chemical evolution which on Earth and similar planets has continued into biological evolution. Life is the latest part of the evolution of the universe.
Kompanichenko says: Approximately four billion years ago, living systems appeared on Earth and formed the superstructure over the lower organized geochemical systems. The simplest organisms were characterized by availability of unique mechanism that permitted them to transform actions from outside world and to return strengthened /expedient counteraction back into the environment. Giving an energetic profit from this exchange, living beings in fact extract free energy from the environment and accumulated it. The forms of life, which lost the ability for the active extraction, in the long run were eliminated by natural selection. Using one more unique quality - regular self-renovation, living system step-by-step complicated and transformed the planetary medium into an environment. The extraordinary complicated human civilization is the top of this process. Both animate and inanimate natural systems of the universe are interrelated by the deepest universal processes and regularities. This shows unity of nature and allows us to support the opinion that life should be the widespread phenomenon in the cosmos (9).
Krall says: There are some hints that life could have been brought to earth from elsewhere in our solar system or even galaxy. Life tends towards more complexity but Homo Sapiens is not the pride of creation but rather an accident in evolution. Humans may disappear as they have come but evolution will continue. Life as such is not an accident but a function of our universe (10).
The main impulse for the development of life is a total entropy of the universe that sums to zero. All over the universe matter has an intrinsic tendency to evolve into life and then into conscious species. In the evolution on the earth human consciousness is the phenomenon that is closest to the zero entropy of the universe.
Best Wishes, Dott. Amrit Sorli, Dott. Kusum Sorli